PtdIns(4,5)P 2 interacts with CaM binding domains on TRPM3 N-terminus.

Blanka Holendova, Lenka Grycova, Michaela Jirku, Jan Teisinger

Channels (Austin), 2012 Nov 1 , 6, 479-82

TRPM3 has been reported to play an important role in Ca ( 2+) homeostasis, but its gating mechanisms and regulation via Ca ( 2+) are unknown. Ca ( 2+) binding proteins such as calmodulin (CaM) could be probable modulators of this ion channel. We have shown that this protein binds to two independent domains, A35-K124 and H291-G382 on the TRPM3 N-terminus, which contain conserved hydrophobic as well as positively charged residues in specific positions, and that these residues have a crucial impact on its binding. We also showed that another Ca ( 2+) binding protein, S100A1, is able to bind to these regions and that CaM and S100A1 compete for these binding sites on the TRPM3 N-terminus. Moreover, our results suggest that another very important TRP channel activity modulator, PtdIns(4,5)P 2, interacts with the CaM/S100A1 binding sites on the TRPM3 N-terminus with high affinity.